As transgender issues become a part of medical discourse and as the “trans communities begin to assert themselves as marginalized and unserved through dominant models of health care” (C. Farahbakhsh, personal communication, December 30, 2015), I would contend that conversations around cis-privilege have been entirely reductive in nature as cis people are typically who constructs the narratives. I believe this is perhaps due to a lack of actually work in partnership with trans communities. “As the medical system primarily operates from a cis perspective and standard of care, this lack of trans inclusion can be traced back to a lack of community consultation, involvement, lack of comprehensive education/ curriculum, and erasure of trans experience and contribution in medical spaces” (C. Farahbakhsh, personal communication, January 4, 2016) which has been quite detrimental to members of these communities as they continue to have meaning imperialistically ascribed to their lives, bodies and experiences. This can only act to perpetuate the systemic trauma that these communities experience as they are continually and forcibly subjected to occupying space within a society in which many members do not even have a basic understanding of how cis-privilege impacts and shapes trans lives.
As a white cisgender queer healthcare professional and in an attempt to collaborate, I consulted with my local gender justice center, South House, prior to beginning this series of blog posts. With the intention of making the series as accessible as possible to cisgender healthcare professionals, my goal is to initiate a conversation that would center trans-healthcare through an act of solidarity in creating a space that would invite trans voices to disrupt the cis narrative that governs medical institutions. After what seemed like a meaningful dialogue, I realized that the first step to my success may be to create an awareness around the all too often left unsaid term, cis, and to attempt in exposing how this assumed gendering furthers practices that reproduce and protect the privileging of cisgender people.
It is far beyond the scope of this post to attempt in explaining the heterogeneity of the trans communities as they are incredibly diverse, however it is necessary to explain that their members do not experience the same congruency that cisgender people have between their gender identity and the sex they were assigned at birth. Similarly, unearned “[c]isgender privilege is given to persons whose morphology aligns with socially-sanctioned gender categories” (Johnson, 2013, p. 138). The associated structural impacts on trans lives are seemingly endless in that cis-privilege shapes public space. This is particularly evident in spaces in which vulnerability is inherent, including but not limited to bathrooms, prisons, shelters and of course healthcare (Johnson, 2013). Therefore, these spaces become shaped by a gender dominance that privileges the socially-sanctioned binary system of gender; cissexism reinforces cis-privilege and transphobia further victimizes those who are gender non-conforming (Johnson, 2013).
I feel it is important for healthcare professionals, particularly those who are queer identified, to start reflecting on how some members of LGBTQ communities are excluded from the dominant models of healthcare that shape medical space. For me, this continues to be a lesson in inclusion and a way to further the interests of LGBTQ communities by strengthening us and uniting us as a diverse population who shares in being structurally marginalized. I believe this is an incredibly important conversation to have given that trans comprehensive healthcare is in its naissance. We must be critical about whether trans comprehensive healthcare is what it claims to be and consciously mitigate the risk of reproducing a medicalized white washed misappropriation of male privilege that could further marginalize transfeminine clients of color (C. Farahbakhsh, personal communication, December 30, 2015). How does the privileging of those who succeed in reinforcing the binary affect others and how does this intersect with those who are racialized or people who embody other forms of difference?
I am concerned by what I can only describe as what appears to be a dissent between queer cis and trans communities. I would argue that cis-privilege is becoming a problem within a queer context and that we are beginning to mirror some of the same challenges we face from normative culture. There are most definitely parallels between this issue and the cissexism and whitewashing of other (queer) issues and I would imagine these challenges will continue to become more complex if those who are both queer and privileged do not start engaging in conversations that they find difficult and uncomfortable. I have found it necessary to check my privilege as a white cis-gender queer woman. It has been an important step to situate myself within the work I wish to do as a nurse. I have had conversations where I have been misunderstood and my ignorance was met with hostility, however this has taught me that discomfort is often directly proportional to the degree of unchecked privilege a person enjoys. The more I learn about my own privilege, the more I understand that it can come at the expense of others and that this inequality creates a further marginalizing of populations that are already vulnerable. I cannot help my privilege however, I can continue to deconstruct my it and begin to create strategies on how to subvert the system and create points of leverage to further the interests of everyone who falls under the LGBTQ umbrella, not just the voices of those who embody socially-sanctioned versions of queerness.
Enlightening myself earned me nothing more than an awareness of how much I take for granted and how much I have to learn. I liken this learning process to a lifelong exercise in unpacking my privilege; checking it was merely the first step. I would suggest that you begin by situating yourself within the structure and consider how social practices create a hierarchy of privilege. Check your privilege and start talking. If everyone at the table looks like you and if they all agree with you then you are doing it wrong. We must seek out difference and embrace our own discomfort.
I have taken the first step in this process of unpacking the privilege I enjoy as a white cisgender queer healthcare professional. When I compare my privilege to some other members of the queer community, I realize how much work I can do and I invite you to join me in this learning process as I continue this critical conversation about queer healthcare (blogs will be posted January 28, February 18 & 24).
Johnson, J. R. (2013). Cisgender Privilege, Intersectionality, and the Criminalization of CeCe McDonald: Why Intercultural Communication Needs Transgender Studies. Journal of international and intercultural communication, 6(2), 135-144.
Being a white, cisgender, lesbian, healthcare professional instills many, many privileges (I know as I am one). I agree 100% with your post. I would also like to insert some thought about the responsibility of all humans to deconstruct their own sources of privilege, as we all have them. I do not intend this to be a Pollyanna response to a complex issue. However, people who do not necessarily fit within a binary gender structure are privileged in having the experience and some knowledge as to what that experience provides. Those of us who do not, well, are not. Until all people (sexual and gender minority included) realize that no matter how privileged and/or marginalized each of us is, there will always be non-acceptance of the “other.” The problem with my thinking is that “that” can never happen. We are all human and fallible in different ways and circumstances. There is no room for anyone feeling superior because of the privilege(s) they have been given. We do not create our privilege—it is instilled from birth (the creation or earning of money does not buy class); the word “privilege” is almost synonymous with “gift.” The problems stem from when we feel that “gift” is being threatened. As an example, before a white transgender woman transitioned or, more appropriately, fulfilled their authentic self, she was seen by others as a white male. We all know the set of privileges that implies. As she begins to (literally) walk in women’s shoes, many of those privileges are threatened. Long story short, we must each (all of us!) recognize who we are, and further, realize that in any given situation that may or may not afford us privilege of some sort. The beauty in this lies in our differences. When we can see and appreciate difference, and the inconsistency with which are able to do that, none of this will matter. We will all be enough!
Sorry for the sermon—I read this post while in one of my moods! 🙂
Hi Sarah. Thank you for your comment and continuing the conversation. I appreciate you sharing your perspective and I agree with your comment that privilege is a gift. My concern and primary reason for writing this series of posts is that when trans issues are discussed, particularly in healthcare, it is often cis people having the conversation. I understand and thank you for your example of a white trans woman as presented from the perspective of queer white cis woman’s which is valuable insofar as it your own (and very similar to my own I should note) however I am interested in creating space for trans people to share their own perspectives which was my goal in speaking to a trans feminine person of colour and collaborating with them to ensure that I presented their perspective with great care and authenticity (and perhaps I should have articulated this in the post to better situate their statements for the reader). In doing so, I hoped to acknowledge that my privilege allows for me to hold space in an act of solidarity with a trans person on this blog (who are often silenced and meaning is ascribed to their experiences) so that their voice may be heard. I am told by trans persons that medical spaces are often felt to be so hostile and dangerous that they feel that they cannot safely access healthcare therefore I would gently challenge your claim that “we will all be enough” however I would agree that as a community we can most definitely “all be enough” and perhaps that is what you meant. We can “see and appreciate difference and the inconsistency with which we are able to do that” however I want to start having conversations about how those who are different feel that their experiences are essentialized and erased. I believe the only way to effectively do this is to make room for meaningful and challenging conversations that create a space that feels safe for the marginalized, particularly racialized individuals, to share their experiences and challenges as evidence of whether those who are more centered are effectively challenging their privilege and making progress in making room for difference. Thanks again for your comment. I think it is immensely important that we continue having this sort of dialogue to demonstrate our interest in learning about our own privilege and difference and I sincerely thank you for joining me in this 🙂